Asylum and Migration Fund 2014-2020

FIELDS:
  • Employment and Social Affairs
  • External Relations and Foreign Affairs
  • Justice, Fundamental Rights and Home Affairs
BUDGET: € 3.137,42 million (current prices); € 2.780,3 million (2011 prices)
GENERAL OBJECTIVE:

The general objective of the Fund is to contribute to an effective management of migration flows in the Union as part of the area of freedom, security and justice, in accordance with the common policy on asylum, subsidiary protection and temporary protection and the common immigration policy. The asylum and Migration Fund draws on the capacity building process developed with the assistance of the European Refugee Fund, the European Fund for the Integration of third-country nationals and the European Return Fund and extends it to cover more comprehensively different aspects of the common Union asylum and immigration policy.

SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES:
  • To strengthen and develop the Common European Asylum System, including its external dimension;
  • To support legal migration to the Union in line with the economic and social needs of Member States and promote the effective integration of third-country nationals, including of asylum seekers and beneficiaries of international protection;
  • To enhance fair and effective return strategies in the Member States with emphasis on sustainability of return and effective readmission in the countries of origin;
  • To enhance the solidarity and responsibility sharing between the Member States, in particular towards those most affected by migration and asylum flows.
SUPPORTED ACTIONS:

1. COMMON EUROPEAN ASYLUM SYSTEM Actions related to reception and asylum systems:

  • Provision of material aid, education, training, support services, health and psychological care;
  • Provision of social assistance, information or help with administrative and/or judicial formalities and information or counselling;
  • Provision of legal aid and language assistance;
  • Specific assistance for vulnerable persons;
  • Information for local communities and training for the staff of local authorities;
  • Provision of integrative actions. For specific Member States also: establishment, development and improvement of accommodation infrastructure and services;
  • Setting up of administrative structures, systems and training of staff and relevant judicial authorities;
  • Member States capacity to develop, monitor and evaluate their asylum policies;
  • Actions enhancing the capacity of Member States to collect, analyse and disseminate data and statistics;
  • Actions directly contributing to the evaluation of asylum policies. Actions related to resettlement and relocation: establishment and development of national resettlement and relocation programmes;
  • Establishment of appropriate infrastructure and services;
  • Setting up of structures, systems and training of staff to conduct missions;
  • Assessment of potential resettlement and/or relocation cases;
  • Pre-departure health assessment, medical treatment, material provisions, information measures and travel arrangements;
  • Information and assistance upon arrival, including interpretation services;

 2. INTEGRATION OF THIRD-COUNTRY NATIONALS AND LEGAL MIGRATION Immigration and pre-departure measures:

  • Information packages and awareness-raising campaign;
  • Assessment of skills and qualifications;
  • Vocational training;
  • Civic orientation courses and language tuition. Integration measures at local and regional level: setting up and developing such integration strategies;
  • Advice and assistance;
  • Education and training;
  • Self-empowerment;
  • Intercultural dialogue;
  • Equality of access and equality of outcomes;
  • Capacity building of implementing organizations. Capacity building measures: building up strategies promoting legal migration;
  • Reinforcing the capacity of Member States to develop, implement, monitor and evaluate their immigration strategies, policies and measures;
  • Furthering intercultural capacities of implementing organisations providing public and private services;

3. RETURN Measures accompanying return procedures:

  • Establishment and improvement of accommodation infrastructure or services and reception or detention conditions;
  • Setting up of administrative structures, systems and training of staff to ensure smooth return procedures;
  • Provision of material aid, health and psychological care;
  • Provision of social,legal and language assistance;
  • Specific assistance for vulnerable persons. Return measures co-operation with consular authorities and immigration services of third countries;
  • Assisted voluntary return measures;
  • Measures to launch the progress of reintegration for the returnees personal development;
  • Specific assistance for vulnerable persons. Practical co-operation and capacity building measures actions to promote and reinforce the operational cooperation between the return services of Member States and immigration services of third countries;
  • Actions enhancing the capacity to develop effective and sustainable return policies;
  • Actions enhancing the capacity to collect, analyse and disseminate data and statistics;
  • Actions directly contributing to the evaluation of return policies.
CO-FINANCING:

To provide additional incentives, the EU co-financing rate for national measures implementing any of these Union strategic priorities can be increased up to 90%, in accordance with the Horizontal Regulation, instead of 75%.

TARGET GROUPS:
  • To strengthen and develop the Common European Asylum System, including its external dimension;to support legal migration to the Union in line with the economic and social needs of Member States and promote the effective integration of third-country nationals, including of asylum seekers and beneficiaries of international protection;
  • To enhance fair and effective return strategies in the Member States with emphasis on sustainability of return and effective readmission in the countries of origin;
  • To enhance the solidarity and responsibility sharing between the Member States, in particular towards those most affected by migration and asylum flows. The target group shall include family members of persons referred to above.
RESPONSIBLE BODY: DG Home Affairs
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