Instrument for Nuclear Safety Cooperation (INSC)

  • Environment, Consumers and Health
  • External Relations and Foreign Affairs
  • Research, Innovation and Technology
BUDGET: € 225, 32 million (current prices); € 200,0 million (2011 prices)
  • Promotion of an effective nuclear safety culture and implementation of the highest nuclear safety standards and radiation protection;
  • Responsible and safe management of spent fuel and radioactive waste, decommissioning and remediation of former nuclear sites and installations;
  • Establishment of frameworks and methodologies for the application of efficient and effective safeguards for nuclear material in third countries.

The geographic scope of the Instrument includes decentralized bodies, private companies, non-state actors such as non-governmental organizations or professional associations, natural persons, the Joint Research Centre or EU agencies, international organizations and financial institutions from third countries (with special focus on Russia, Ukraine, Armenia and Kazakhstan, Northern African, ACP and Latin American countries).


The promotion of an effective nuclear safety culture and implementation of the highest nuclear safety standards and radiation protection at all levels, in particular through:

  • Continuous support for regulatory bodies, technical support organisations, and the reinforcement of the regulatory framework;
  • The promotion of effective regulatory frameworks, procedures and systems to ensure adequate protection against ionising radiations from radioactive materials;
  • The establishment of effective arrangements for the prevention of accidents with radiological consequences as well as the mitigation of such consequences should they occur, and for emergency-planning, preparedness and response, civil protection and rehabilitation measures;
  • Support to nuclear operators, in exceptional cases, under specific and well justified circumstances in the framework of follow-up measures of the comprehensive safety and risk assessments (‘stress tests’).

Responsible and safe management of spent fuel and radioactive waste, decommission and remediation of former nuclear sites and installations, in particular through:

  • Cooperation with third countries in the domain of spent nuclear fuel and radioactive waste management (i.e. transport, pre-treatment, treatment, processing, storage and disposal), including the development of specific strategies and frameworks for the responsible management of spent nuclear fuel and radioactive waste; 
  • The development and implementation of strategies and frameworks for decommissioning existing installations, for the remediation of former nuclearsites and legacy sites related to uranium mining, and for the recovery and management of sunken radioactive objects and material at sea;
  • The establishment of the necessary regulatory framework and methodologies (including nuclear forensics methods) for the implementation of nuclear safeguards, including for the proper accounting and control of fissile materials at State and operators level; 
  • Measures to promote international cooperation (including in the framework of relevant international organisations, notably IAEA) in the above fields, including the implementation and monitoring of international Conventions and Treaties, exchange of information, capacity building and training in the area of nuclear safety and research. These measures shall include a substantial element of know-how transfer in order to reinforce sustainability of the results achieved. They must be implemented through cooperation with third countries’ authorities, nuclear regulators and their technical support organisations and, in specific cases, with nuclear operators. The measures should also be supported by exploiting further synergies with the direct and indirect actions of the Euratom Framework Programmesin nuclear research and training.

The assistance is implemented on the basis of multiannual strategy papers and multiannual indicative programmes.
The financing may take the form of projects or programmes, grants to fund measures, contributions to guarantee funds and national or international funds, or even human or material resources. Actions financed may be either entirely funded by the EU or co-financed with one or more partners.

RESPONSIBLE BODY: DG Development and Cooperation - Europe Aid
  • Sustainable Growth
  • Climate Change and Energy Sustainability
  • Resource Efficient Europe
EX 2007 - 2013: Nuclear Safety Co-operation Instrument
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